SMART CITY STRATEGY One of the high priority objectives for the city of Milan is to improve city services and sustainability implementing an effective Smart City strategy in order to be part of the European and international big cities network. The Smart City strategy started in Milan in 2012, when a specific mandate for this topic in the municipality department of economic development, university and research was created. This strategy is based on the concept that the public administration has to create a fruitful environment in which the different excellences of the territory can collaborate to pursue common objectives. It is also important to foster, not only the technological changes in the city but also improve the territory economy, the social inclusion, research and innovation and develop the legal framework to assure the feasibility and effectiveness of the different projects and initiatives. The strategy is strongly related to the Municipality Digital Transformation Policy consisting in infrastructures and services including a dense-fibre-optic-networks, wi-fi-hot-spots, digital-areas, portals and open-data.
CITY CHALLENGES The most relevant challenge in Milan are the following:
- Sustainability in urban mobility and regeneration of urban neighbourhoods.
- Social Innovation and Industry 4.0 policies.
- Physical and Digital Accessibility
CONTRIBUTIONS OF IOT SOLUTIONS TO SOLVE THE CITY CHALLENGES IoT can help the Municipality of Milan to face different challenges. Air pollution and their associated health risks due to mobility have already been faced through the use of IoT:
- 43 electronic gates equipped with Automatic Number Plate Recognition technology are already in use to support the congestion charging scheme (Area C) to forbid the entrance to pollutant vehicles in the city center.
- A Low Emission Zone (LEZ), that discourages the entrance in the whole city (not only in the center) of heavily polluting vehicles has been gradually introduced. Currently, the systems are set to control and manage the heaviest vehicles and those used for the transport of dangerous goods
RELEVANCE FOR THE CITIZENS The city of Milan ranks third amongst large European cities in its atmospheric concentrations of particulate matter, both in terms of average annual level and days of exceeding the European Union PM10 limit of 50 micrograms per cubic meter. Milan has also one of the highest European rates of car ownership – one that is also among the highest in the world. It is relevant for Milan to reduce traffic congestion and CO2 emissions by improving control and visualization of transportation grid status across multiple transportation systems, increasing the efficiency and safety of the transport system. It is also fundamental to increase the efficiency of overall waste management and to reduce energy costs with intelligent, on-demand control, data analytics, and monitoring of multiple city services.
MILAN KEY ACTIVITIES Sharing cities (2016-2020) is a H2020 project, funded under the Smart Cities and Communities call (SCC1) with the aim of demonstrating at three strategic locations – London, Lisbon, and Milan –the effectiveness of new technologies in improving urban mobility, increasing the energy efficiency of buildings and reducing carbon emissions. The vision is of a more agile and more collaborative smart cities market that dramatically increases the speed and scale at which smart solutions across European cities are implemented. The aim is to engage society in new ways to enable them to play an active role in the transformation of their communities.
- DYNAMAP: Dynamic Acoustic Mapping is a LIFE+ project aimed at developing a dynamic noise mapping system able to detect and represent in real time the acoustic impact of road infrastructure. Dynamap will deploy a network of acoustic sensors (microphones) that detect background noise and spikes.
- EU-GUGLE: European cities serving as Green Urban Gate towards Leadership in Sustainable Energy is a 7th FP7-ENERGY: project that deals with redevelopment of buildings and energy consumption leveraging building level sensor and energy meters.
- OPENAGRI: New Skills for New Jobs in Peri-Urban Agriculture (UIA Initiative) for building-up a sustainable food supply chain and for promoting peri-urban agriculture, adopting innovative approaches, promoting SMEs and start-ups, and increasing urban resilience.
- CLEVER: Cities Co-designing Locally tailored Ecological solutions for Value added, socially inclusivE Regeneration in Cities applies a city-centric approach, starting by key urban regeneration challenges and employing strong local partner clusters, to foster sustainable and socially inclusive urban regeneration locally, in Europe and globally. The project will co-create, implement, and -manage locally tailored NBS to deliver tangible social, environmental and economic improvements in urban regeneration